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Effect of Water Stress on the Carbohydrate Metabolism of Citrullus lanatus Seeds during Germination



Effect of Water Stress on the Carbohydrate Metabolism of Citrullus lanatus Seeds during Germination



Plant Physiology 77(1): 79-82



Gluconeogenesis in Citrullus lanatus seeds is a post germinative event. Increases in isocitrate lyase activity and incorporation of radioactivity from [2-(14)C]acetate into sugars occur only after radicle emergence. During germination, the seeds appear to rely on carbohydrate as the respiratory substrate. At this time, glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, and the tricarbocyclic acid cycle seem to be functional. Utilization of raffinose during germination appears to be important.Water stress, which completely inhibits germination, has a marked effect on carbohydrate metabolism. The rate of (14)CO(2) release from [2-(14)C]acetate, [1-(14)C]glucose, and [6-(14)C]glucose is lower in the stressed seeds than the control seeds during the respiratory lag phase. However, in the stressed seeds neither glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, nor the tricarboxylic acid cycle is completely inhibited. In contrast to the control seeds in which raffinose content sharply declines after 12 h of incubation, raffinose content in the stressed seeds remains fairly constant.The respiratory lag phase of the control seeds coincides with a lower reducing substance content, glucose content, and fructose content than in the stressed seeds during the corresponding incubation period.

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Accession: 005282770

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16664032

DOI: 10.1104/pp.77.1.79



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