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Effectiveness of predator fecal odors as black tailed deer odocoileus hemionus columbianus repellents



Effectiveness of predator fecal odors as black tailed deer odocoileus hemionus columbianus repellents



Journal of Wildlife Management 49(2): 358-362



Pen bioassays were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of predator fecal odors as deer repellents. Aqueous extracts from predator feces were more effective than BGR (4.9% [putrescent] egg solids) and as effective as BGR-P (36% egg solids). In test 1, browsing reductions for the predator feces tested were: bobcat (Felis rufus)-51%; mountain lion (F. concolor)-27%; wolf (Canis lupus)-17%; and coyote (C. latrans)-8%. The efficacy of fecal extracts in test 1 correlated with the concentration of predator feces in initial formulations (5, 10 and 20% by weight). In test 2, increasing the concentration of feces to 30% for bobcat and mountain lion did not increase their repellency. Fecal orders of predators significantly suppressed the feeding activities of black-tailed deer (O. hermionus columbianus); additional laboratory and fieldwork are needed before predator odors can be used operationally.

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Accession: 005284834

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