+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effects of crop maturity weather conditions and cutting height on yield harvesting losses and nutritive value of cereal legume mixtures grown for hay production



Effects of crop maturity weather conditions and cutting height on yield harvesting losses and nutritive value of cereal legume mixtures grown for hay production



Experimental Agriculture 23(4): 451-460



The introduction of forage or hay crops into fallow land represents a means of increasing feed supplies for small ruminants in north Africa and west Asia. Such fallows lie between zones planted with food crops and traditional grazing areas. Mixtures of vetch with barley, oats or triticale, and peas with barley, were cut at the 10% flowering, 100% flowering (100F) and full pod (FP) stages of the legume component. Effects of crop maturity, weather conditions and cutting height on yield, the chemical composition of the standing crop and re-growth were measured. Barley-vetch mixtures yielded 8147 kg dry matter ha-1 of standing crop at the FP stage in 1983 but only 2283 kg dry matter ha-1 in 1984 under drought conditions. Hay yields were 4377 and 1640 kg dry matter ha-1, respectively. The highest yielding mixture, grown in 1983, was oat-vetch which yielded 8670 kg dry matter ha-1 of standing crop and 4285 kg dry matter ha-1 of hay at the FP stage. Cutting at the 100F or FP stage maximized dry matter yield and minimized the risk of rainfall prolonging hay making. Rain caused slight damage to some hays cut at early stages of maturity. Voluntary intakes and digestibilities of field-cured hays were determined. The voluntary intakes of triticale-vetch hay at the FP stage and all barley-pea hays were low compared with other hays. Hays contained sufficient estimated metabolizable energy (ME) for use in sheep diets during pregnancy and middle or late lactation. ME values averaged 9.2 megajoules per kg dry matter in both 1983 and 1984.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 005297461

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Effects of crop maturity and cutting height on the nutritive value of fermented whole crop wheat and milk production in dairy cows. Livestock Production Science 81(2/3): 257-269, 2003

The dependence of yield and quality of thyme grown as a two-year crop on the date of harvesting and the cutting height in the autumn of the year of sowing. Pharmazie 24: 226-35; 274-90; 350-7. bibl. 113, 1969

Effects of Cutting Height and Trampling over Stubbles of the First Crop on Dry Matter Yield in Twice Harvesting of Forage Rice. Plant Production Science 12(1): 124-127, 2009

Yield losses in soybeans due to the height of cutting at harvesting. Productia Vegetala 8(7): 31-37, 1976

Changes in nutritive value and herbage yield during extended growth intervals in grass-legume mixtures: effects of species, maturity at harvest, and relationships between productivity and components of feed quality. Grass and Forage Science 73(1): 78-93, 2018

Effects of frequency and height of cutting on the yield, composition and quality of the herbage of grass only and grass-legume mixtures. Annual Report, Division of Livestock and Pastures, 1974-75: 145-149, 1976

Effects of frequency and height of cutting on the yield, composition and quality of the herbage of grass-only and grass-legume mixtures. Rhodesia, Division of Livestock and Pastures: Annual report for the year ended 30th September 1976: 180-183, 1977

Yield and nutritive value of binary legume-grass mixtures under grazing or frequent cutting. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 98(2): 395-407, 2018

Effects of species diversity on seasonal variation in herbage yield and nutritive value of seven binary grass-legume mixtures and pure grass under cutting. European Journal of Agronomy 78: 73-83, 2016

Comparative yield and nutritive value of forages from two cereal-legume based cropping systems. 1. Crop yields and the nutritive value of forages. Tropical Agriculture 75(4): 409-414, 1998

Eco-physiological studies on maintenance of density in forage crop sward. 4. The effects of soil moisture and cutting height on the yield and botanical composition in both orchardgrass-Ladino clover and orchardgrass-alfalfa mixtures. 5. The effects of plant density, level of nitrogen application and cutting frequency on the tillering behaviour and its relation to the yield of orchard-grass sward originated from one clone. J. Jap. Soc. Grassld Sci 13(2): 122-7, 128-42. Bibl. 8 and 18, 1967

Traditional crop revised: yield and quality of palm-tree kale, grown as a mechanised industrial crop, as a function of cutting height. Acta Horticulturae (598): 123-127, 2003

Effects of cutting height and maturity on the nutritive value of corn silage for lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86(6): 2163-2169, 2003

The influence of cereal/legume mixtures on yield and quality of harvest residues and their subsequent effect on a rye crop. Roczn. Nauk roln, 90A, 611-631, 1966

Effects of Weather Conditions on Yield of Tansy Phacelia and Common Sunflower Grown as Stubble Catch Crop. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 21(4): 1053-1060, 2012