Effects of crush injury on the abnormalities in the spinal roots and peripheral nerves of dystrophic mice
Bray, G.M.; David, S.; Carlstedt, T.; Aguayo, A.J.
Muscle and Nerve 6(7): 497-503
ISSN/ISBN: 0148-639X PMID: 6633563 DOI: 10.1002/mus.880060705
Lumbosacral spinal roots and peroneal nerves in dystrophic and control mice were crushed and allowed to regenerate. Six weeks after crush injury, the dystrophic roots no longer showed the typical groups of unensheathed axons that characterize the uncrushed roots. Thus, the location of this ensheathment defect in the spinal roots cannot be the exclusive mechanism responsible for its development. Crush injury and regeneration also tended to correct a second abnormality in the peripheral nervous system of dystrophic mice: the discontinuities in the Schwann cell basal laminas. Because the regenerated nerves contained increased amounts of collagen, the results of this study support the evidence from tissue culture experiments that the extracellular matrix may be involved in the pathogenesis of these disorders. However, the outcome of the present in vivo experiments indicates that genetically normal fibroblasts are not required for this change to occur.