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Effects of dietary methionine cystine and potassium sulfate on serum cholesterol and urinary ascorbic acid in rats fed polychlorinated biphenyls



Effects of dietary methionine cystine and potassium sulfate on serum cholesterol and urinary ascorbic acid in rats fed polychlorinated biphenyls



Journal of Nutrition 116(9): 1660-1666



Liver weight, liver and urinary ascorbic acid levels and serum cholesterol concentration were higher in rats fed polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) than in controls. The influences of methionine, cystine and potassium sulfate on these metabolic responses were studied. Methionine or equivalent moles of cystine or potassium sulfate were added to a basal diet containing 10% soy protein isolate. The basal diet contained 0.3% of total sulfur-containing amino acids (S-AAs). When methionine was added to the basal diet, maximum gain in body weight was obtained with 0.5% of dietary S-AAs, while the highest values in serum cholesterol and urinary ascorbic acid were obtained with 0.8% of dietary S-AAs in rats fed PCB. Dietary addition of cystine had little effect on body weight gain. Nevertheless, in rats fed PCB, urinary ascorbic acid and serum cholesterol were significantly higher in rats fed the cystine-supplemented diet than in those fed the unsupplemented diet. Addition of potassium sulfate had no effect on body weight gain, urinary ascorbic acid or serum cholesterol. These results suggest that more S-AAs are required for the highest metabolic response to PCB than for maximum growth, and the higher requirement for S-AAs cannot be replaced by inorganic sulfate.

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Accession: 005299696

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