Effects of estrogen and testosterone on the metabolism of mevalonate by the shunt pathway
Brady, P.S.; Scofield, R.F.; Mann, S.; Landau, B.R.
Journal of Lipid Research 24(9): 1168-1175
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2275 PMID: 6415196 Accession: 005302456
Mevalonate is metabolized by a sterol-forming and a non-sterol-forming, also called the "shunt", pathway. Effects of estrogen and testosterone administration on the shunt activity were examined in male and female Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats. Shunt activity was determined in vivo from the yield of expired 14CO2 following [5-14C]mevalonate injection. Total mevalonate utilized was determined from the yield of expired 14CO2 following [1-14C]mevalonate injection. In the female, about 45% of mevalonate appears to be metabolized via the shunt, and in the male about 20%. This difference between male and female rats is dependent on both testosterone and estrogen, and apparently on testosterone to a greater extent. Thus estrogen treatment produced a 20-35% increase in shunt activity over castrated controls, while castration of males without hormonal treatment resulted in about a 50% increase in shunt activity, and testosterone administration returned castrated male and female shunt activity to that of intact males, or nearly so. Light/dark cycle had no effect in vivo on shunt activity, but may be critical in demonstrating sex differences in shunt activity in kidney slices.