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Effects of five metals on susceptibility of striped bass morone saxatilis to flexibacter columnaris



Effects of five metals on susceptibility of striped bass morone saxatilis to flexibacter columnaris



Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115(2): 227-231



Exposure of young striped bass Morone saxatilis (weight, 8.5-34 g) to a mixture of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, and selenium at 4 and 10 times the average environmental concentrations of 1-3 .mu.g/L protected the fish from experimental infection with Flexibacter columnaris, the causal organism of columnaris disease. In four trials, all striped bass died within 7 d after a 2-min exposure to 5 .times. 106 F. columnaris cells in untreated water. In contrast, no fish died after a single day's exposure to the metal mixture followed by infection with F. columnaris and a second exposure to the metals for seven more days. When striped bass were exposed 5 d to individual metals, copper protected against infection and cadmium offered marginal protection but was slightly toxic after 2 d exposure. Arsenic increased susceptibility to infection, and lead and selenium were without an apparent effect.

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Accession: 005304303

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