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Effects of irrigation on buckeye rot of tomato lycopersicon esculentum fruit caused by phytophthora parasitica



Effects of irrigation on buckeye rot of tomato lycopersicon esculentum fruit caused by phytophthora parasitica



Phytopathology 74(4): 474-478



The influence of irrigation frequency on the incidence of buckeye rot of green tomato fruit was studied in a field plot infested with P. parasitica. The incidence of fruit infections during the final days before harvest in 1980 was significantly higher after a 4-day interval between irrigations than after a 25-day interval between irrigations. In 1982, irrigations were applied every 4, 8, 16, or 32 days throughout the last 64 days of crop growth. The rate and incidence of infection of fruit sampled during the final irrigation increased significantly as the interval between prior irrigations was decreased. Furthermore, the final incidence of infection on fruit grown in the field increased from 24 to 84% as irrigation frequency increased from once every 32 to once every 4 days. Yield of healthy fruit declined as irrigation frequency increased from every 16 to every 4 days. When soil samples collected 3 days after an irrigation were flooded in the laboratory, 80% of cherry tomatoes floated over the samples were infected by P. parasitica within 6 h. In contrast, infection was < 10% for fruit floated for 16 h over soil collected from furrows that had not been irrigated for 28 days. The inoculum of P. parasitica, probably in the form of zoospores, is apparently formed more rapidly and abundantly when previous irrigations have been frequent and have not allowed the soil to dry extensively.

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Accession: 005310693

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