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Effects of moderate hypoxia on fetal electrocortical activity, eye movements, and breathing activity in sheep






Journal of Developmental Physiology 8(6): 411-419

Effects of moderate hypoxia on fetal electrocortical activity, eye movements, and breathing activity in sheep

Isocapnic hypoxeamia (.DELTA.PaO2 = 8.0 .+-. 0.5 mmHg; .DELTA.CaO2 = -2.86 .+-. 0.20 ml/dl) was produced in fetal sheep by having the ewe breathe for one hour a gas mixture (v/v) of 10.5% O2 and 1.5% CO2 in N2. Mean fetal heart rate, blood pressure, and incidence of low voltage electrocortical activity were not affected. However, the incidence of rapid-eye-movements and breathing activity was reduced by about 40%. Breathing movements during hypoxaemia had a mean inspiratory time, breath interval, and tracheal pressure amplitude which did not differ significantly from those during control experiments in which the ewe breathed air from the plastic bag. These observations suggest that hypoxia decreases the incidence of breathing movements but does not affect the amplitude or pattern of breathing activity and that it may reduce the incidence of eye movements and breathing activity through a common mechanism.

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Accession: 005314664

PMID: 3559058



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