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Effects of root lesion nematodes pratylenchus brachyurus godfrey and pratylenchus zeae graham and fusarium moniliforme sheldon alone or in combination on maize



Effects of root lesion nematodes pratylenchus brachyurus godfrey and pratylenchus zeae graham and fusarium moniliforme sheldon alone or in combination on maize



Nematologica 33(2): 213-219



The effects of the association between the root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus brachyurus and P. zeae, and the root-rot fungus, Fusarium moniliforme, on maize growth, root-rot severity and root-lesion nematode population were studied under greenhouse conditions. Five inoculation treatments were applied and the effects monitored over 12 weeks. The results demonstrated that the root-lesion nematodes and the fungus affected plant growth more when combined than when alone, and were most severe during the seedling stage. Root-rot severity fluctuated during the experiment and significant differences between the treatments could only be found from 4 weeks following planting. The presence of the fungus facilitated the attraction and/or penetration of the root-lesion nematodes into the roots of the maize seedlings.

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