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Effects of trampling and soil compaction on the occurrence of some plantago spp in coastal sand dunes part 1 soil compaction soil moisture and seedling emergence



Effects of trampling and soil compaction on the occurrence of some plantago spp in coastal sand dunes part 1 soil compaction soil moisture and seedling emergence



Oecologia Plantarum 11(3): 225-241



The mechanical resistance of coastal dune sands was found to be an important factor for the emergence and seedling establishment of Plantago lanceolata, P. coronopus, P. major, P. media and Potentilla tabernaemontani. Under optimal soil-moisture conditions, emergence and establishment of all species occur in higher percentages on the loose sandy soils than on the compacted substrates; the radicles of Plantago major and P. coronopus are more capable of penetrating compacted sandy soils than those of the other species under study. Under low soil moisture conditions, the highest numbers of seedlings of the Plantago spp. are found on the compacted soils; in contrast, Potentilla is found most frequently on the loose soils. Under these conditions the emergence of Plantago spp. is limited more by the low water supply than by the high mechanical resistance of the soil. The emergence of P. major and P. media is more susceptible to adverse moisture conditions than that of the other species. In experimental plots in the field, P. major and P. media are the best adapted to the conditions found in compacted sandy soils; the occurrence of seedlings of the other Plantago spp. is favored on the loose, relatively dry soils.

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