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Electrophysiologic effects of halothane and quinidine on canine Purkinje fibers: evidence for a synergistic interaction

Anesthesiology 65(3): 278-285
Electrophysiologic effects of halothane and quinidine on canine Purkinje fibers: evidence for a synergistic interaction
The authors studied possible interactions between halothane and quinidine on the action potentials of canine Purkinje fibers superfused with Tyrode's solution. Using standard microelectrode techniques and a physiologic pacing rate (2 Hz), halothane in concentrations from 0.5% to 2% decreased the action potential duration to 50% repolarization (ADP50). Total APD (APD100), in contrast, increased after 1% and 2% halothane. Resting membrane potential (RMP) and action potential amplitude (APamp) increased after 0.5% halothane, but returned to control with higher halothane levels. Conduction time (CT) increased at each halothane level. Pacing at faster (3 Hz) or slower (1 Hz) rates did not markedly alter the effects of halothane. Quinidine 1 .times. 10-5 M depressed the phase O upstroke (Vmax) and prolonged APD100 and CT. When halothane was added, RMP and APamp decreased, Vmax decreased further, and APD100 and CT were markedly prolonged. This resulted in conduction block or inexcitability, especially at faster pacing rates (3 Hz). Synergistic interactions between halothane and quinidine were found on RMP, APamp, APD100, and CT. Effects on Vmax, APD50, and action potential duration to 90% repolarization (APD90) were additive. It is concluded that quinidine and halothane act synergistically to decrease action potential amplitude, lower RMP, and prolong conduction. Severe depression of conduction often progressed to conduction block or inexcitability when halothane, 2% was administered during superfusion with therapeutic concentrations of quinidine.

Accession: 005349300

PMID: 3752573

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