Endogenous plasma proteins in edematous lungs and alveolar fluid in rabbits
Pavlin, D.J.; Haschke, R.; Nessly, M.L.; Cheney, F.W.
Journal of Applied Physiology 59(6): 1971-1977
In this study, we compared two methods of differentiating hydrostatic and permeability types of pulmonary edema. The first method entailed measurement of protein concentrations directly in samples of alveolar fluid (AF); the second method was an indirect technique in which protein concentration in extravascular extracellular water (EVECW) was calculated on the basis of separate measurements of the quantity of protein in the lung and the volume of EVECW. The concentration of albumin (Alb) and gamma-G-globulin was measured in EVECW and alveolar fluid in excised edematous rabbit lungs. Edema was caused by elevation of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure to 25 Torr (hydrostatic edema, HE) or by intravenous oleic acid, 0.09 ml/kg (permeability edema, PE). The volume of distribution of Na+ was utilized as a measure of EVECW in the lung. Protein concentration in EVECW and AF relative to plasma (EV/PL and AF/PL, respectively) was compared in the two types of edema. The EV/PL was 0.61 +/- 0.12 (SD) for Alb in He compared with 1.18 +/- 0.47 in PE (P less than 0.02). The AF/PL was 0.54 +/- 0.12 and 1.25 +/- 0.33 in HE and PE, respectively (P less than 0.001). There was good correlation between EV/PL and AF/PL for Alb (r = 0.74, P less than 0.001) but not for gamma-G-globulin. Thus EV/PL for Alb, AF/PL for Alb, and gamma-G-globulin all differentiated hydrostatic from permeability edema.