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Endothelial cell damage by temporary arterial occlusion with surgical clips. Study of the clip site by scanning and transmission electron microscopy



Endothelial cell damage by temporary arterial occlusion with surgical clips. Study of the clip site by scanning and transmission electron microscopy



Journal of Neurosurgery 45(5): 514-519



The effects of temporary vascular occlusion with surgical clips on the underlying endothelial lining were studied with scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. Twenty-five rabbits were anesthetized and both common carotid arteries exposed. A Heifetz clip was used to occlude the right carotid artery for 5, 15, and 30 minutes, and 2 hours in five animals each. The clips were removed and the vessels immediately perfused with glutaraldehyde. In five remaining animals, the right carotid arteries were occluded for 30 minutes followed by removal of the clip and resumption of blood flow for 30 minutes prior to fixation. Combined SEM and TEM examination of the endothelium of compressed segments revealed "craters" and "balloons", blebs and vacuoles, swollen mitochondria, dilated granular endoplasmic reticulum, and subendothelial edema. There were also areas of endothelial cell flattening, discontinuity, and desquamation exposing the subendothelial tissues. Following restoration of flow, platelets and fibrin were found adherent to altered endothelial cells and to exposed subendothelial tissues. Endothelial craters and balloons were also found distal and, significantly less frequently, proximal to the site of occlusion. It is suggested that antiplatelet aggregating agents may prove beneficial for the prevention of thrombus formation at the site of the clip as well as craters and balloons distal to the clip following procedures requiring temporary vascular occlusion.

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Accession: 005359891

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 972335

DOI: 10.3171/jns.1976.45.5.0514



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