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Endothelial cell prostacyclin production induced by activated neutrophils

Endothelial cell prostacyclin production induced by activated neutrophils

Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(2): 1006-1014

A bovine aortic endothelial cell (EC) line released prostacyclin (greater than 1 pmol/10(+5) EC cells) when incubated with fMet-Leu-Phe (FMLP)-stimulated rat and human neutrophils (PMNs). This prostaglandin (PG) I2 was shown to come from the ECs and not from the PMNs by radioactive, high-performance liquid chromatography, and immunochemical criteria. Both FMLP-stimulated rat peritoneal and human peripheral PMNs as well as their stimulated cell-free supernatants and unstimulated sonicates could elicit the release of PGI2 from ECs. Since phorbol myristate acetate stimulated PMN adherence but elicited little PGI2 release from ECs, the PGI2 stimulation in ECs is unrelated to PMN adhesion. The addition of catalase and superoxide dismutase to FMLP-stimulated PMNs enhanced rather than reduced PGI2 formation, indicating that activated oxygen products of the PMN are not responsible for the induction of PGI2. Incubation of ECs with leukotriene (LT) B4, LTC4, or LTD4 did not trigger PGI2 release nor did aspirin pretreatment of the PMNs reduce the PGI2 induction. These data suggest that arachidonic acid metabolites of the PMNs were not responsible for the PGI2 induction. Available data indicates that the PMN factor that stimulates PGI2 from ECs is either released concomitantly with the azurophilic granules or is closely related to this event.

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Accession: 005359945

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PMID: 3881419

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