Enhanced rectal absorption of beta-lactam antibiotics in rat by monodesmosides isolated from pericarps of Sapindus mukurossi (Enmei-hi)
Yata, N.; Sugihara, N.; Yamajo, R.; Murakami, T.; Higashi, Y.; Kimata, H.; Nakayama, K.; Kuzuki, T.; Tanaka, O.
Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics 8(12): 1041-1047
ISSN/ISBN: 0386-846X PMID: 3834059 Accession: 005363557
Monodesmosides, saponin A, B and C, isolated from pericarps of Sapindus mukurossi (Enmei-hi) were shown to promote the rectal absorption of .beta.-lactam antibiotics [ampicillin, cephapirin, cephalothin and cefazolin] in rat, using an in situ loop method and an in vivo method. In the in situ loop method, monodesmosides were solubilized with a mixture of bisdesmosides, mukurozi-saponin X, Y1 and Y2, each of which was isolated from pericarps of Sapindus mukurossi. The promoting functions of the three monodesmosides for the rectal absorption of antibiotics were comparable and also suppressed by Ca2+ coexisting in the administered solution. Unlike the case of N-acylcollagenpeptides, which were also previously reported as absorption promoters, no influence of osmolarity of the administered solution on the absorption promoting action was observed. Absorption of .beta.-lactam antibiotics from suppositories was enhanced with the aid of either of monodesmosides without solubilizing agent.