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Epidemiological and entomological features of an outbreak of fever in Meghraj Block, Sabarkantha District, Gujarat State (India) in 1980






Journal of Communicable Diseases 16(3): 208-218

Epidemiological and entomological features of an outbreak of fever in Meghraj Block, Sabarkantha District, Gujarat State (India) in 1980

An outbreak of fever with 2 deaths in children during July/Aug., 1980 in Meghraj Block, Sabarkantha District of Gujarat State was retrospectively investigated during mid Sept., 1980. Nearly 20,000 fever cases occurred during May-Aug., 1980. Progressive increase in the slide positivity rate for malaria was observed during this period. The epidemic reached its peak in Aug. and declined in Sept. after indoor malathion spray in Aug/early Sept. The nocturnal biting cycle of Anopheles culicifacies, the main malaria vector in the area and the night time habit of the local population indicated the possibility of extra domiciliary transmission under sprayed/unsprayed conditions. The outbreak was mainly due to malaria. Serological data also revealed recent group B arbovirus in the area.


Accession: 005375042

PMID: 6392409



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