+ Site Statistics
+ Resolve Accession
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
Submit PDF Full TextSubmit PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiological appraisal of the literature on the fetal alcohol syndrome in humans

, : Epidemiological appraisal of the literature on the fetal alcohol syndrome in humans. Early Human Development 5(4): 411-430

An evaluation of the evidence regarding the association between heavy maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy and the occurrence in offspring of that cluster of abnormalities called the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome [FAS] is undertaken from an epidemiological perspective. Areas of concern in assessing the literature include the objectivity with which the maternal drinking history was obtained, the nature, systematic or not, of examination of offspring, the presence or absence of a comparison group, the control for potentially confounding factors and, perhaps most important of all whether or not the identification of a case was made blind to knowledge of the maternal drinking history. While well-documented evidence that can implicate a hypothesized teratogen is difficult to obtain, the data available concerning the effects of in utero exposure to high doses of alcohol must be carefully and thoughtfully scrutinized so that valid inferences may be drawn. Particular attention is focused on the nature of the association between in utero alcohol exposure and mental retardation, certainly the most devastating of the FAS features.

Order PDF Full Text


Click here to order any other PDF Full Text

Accession: 005375073

PMID: 7026219

DOI: 10.1016/0378-3782(81)90021-9

PDF Full Text: Epidemiological appraisal of the literature on the fetal alcohol syndrome in humans

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Other references

Moshang, T.; Rundle, A.C.; Graves, D.A.; Nickas, J.; Johanson, A.; Meadows, A., 1996: Brain tumor recurrence in children treated with growth hormone: the National Cooperative Growth Study experience. As of October 1993 the National Cooperative Growth Study included 1262 children with brain tumor who were treated with growth hormone. The type of brain tumor was specified in 947 (75%) of these children. The most common types were glioma, medullo...

D'andrea F.; Marchese G.; Ghio T., 1991: Chironomids a problem of venice lagoon. Igiene Moderna 95(2): 165-175

Yan, W-Li.; Zheng, Y-Jian.; Wu, J.; Chen, S-Feng.; Ti, X-Kai.; Li, L.; Liu, X-Rui., 2007: Ethnic differences in body mass index and prevalence of obesity in school children of Urumqi City, Xinjiang, China. To investigate the prevalence of obesity and distribution of body mass index (BMI) in school children of four ethnic groups in Urumqi, Xinjiang, China. A total of 55508 school children of Han, Hui, Uygur and Kazak nationalities aged 8-18 years wer...

K. Goergen, J. Beersma, L. Hoffmann, J. Junk, 2013: ENSEMBLES-based assessment of regional climate effects in Luxembourg and their impact on vegetation. Projected future regional climate changes in Luxembourg are assessed based on a six-member ensemble of regional climate models (RCM) from the ENSEMBLES project. The key aspects are projected changes in air temperature and their impacts on vegetati...

Norris, J.W.; Alexandrov, A.V.; Bladin, C.F.; Maggisano, R., 1995: Progress in evaluating carotid artery stenosis. Journal of Vascular Surgery 22(5): 637-638

Kerr, Richard A., 1996: Seismologists learn the language of quakes. Earthquake researchers are realizing that to understand the significance of the groanings and rumblings of faults, they need to monitor dialogues between faults and their neighbors. According to this new way of thinking, each individual quake is...

Spiegel D.; Pfeiffer A.E.M.; Lachenmayr B.J.; Hintschich C., 1991: Comparative evaluation of the glaucomatous optic disc by laser scanning tomography lts stereophotography and direct ophthalmoscopy. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 32(4): 719

Krause, W.J., 2012: Ultrastructure of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands. The secretory units of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands consist of a single serous cell type. Secretory granules within the cells of the platypus mandibular gland stained intensely with the periodic acid-Schiff staining procedure but fai...

Negmatullayev S.K.; Mikhaylov S.L.; Khavroshkin O.B.; Tsyplakov V.V., 1987: Nonlinear properties of the wave fields of the Imperial Valley earthquake on October 5, 1979. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoy SSR Otdeleniye Fiziko-Matematicheskikh, Khimicheskikh i Geologicheskikh Nauk

Sonbare, D.John., 2015: Pulsion Diverticulum of the Oesophagus: More than just an Out Pouch. Oesophageal diverticulum is divided into two types based on the aetiology: the pulsion and the traction diverticula. Pulsion diverticulum occurs due to increased intraluminal pressure. This can be of three types based on the location along the oes...