+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiological aspects of back pain

Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine 36(3): 90-94
Epidemiological aspects of back pain
Definition of back pain is one of the main problems associated with epidemiological studies of back pain which is generally acknowledged to be a disabling but not fatal condition. Certainly the sickness absence attributable to it is substantial though one can argue interminably about the exact number of days lost per thousand men at work, principally because of poor certification and lack of agreement on definition. Some personal characteristics such as age, weight, and structural defects of the spinal column do seem to predispose to back pain. Apart from the rather blunt instrument of secondary prevention either by pre-employment medical examination or by routine screening during employment (particularly of those doing heavy work) it is doubtful if any preventive measures can be undertaken in relation to these factors. This doubt is accentuated because past experience has shown that specificity of screening tests in relation to them is of a very low order (Kosiak et al., 1966; 1968). On the other hand environmental factors, such as effort at work and proper posture may be amenable to preventive measures. However, such measures are likely to be costly and it is essential that doctors and others in this field are confident that the tools of measurement they are using are sufficiently reliable to enable them to base their recommendations for preventive measures on a sound footing.

Accession: 005375092

PMID: 2945050

DOI: 10.1093/occmed/36.3.90

Related references

Epidemiological aspects of back pain: the incidence and prevalence of back pain in nurses compared to the general population. Occupational Medicine 45(5): 263-267, 1995

Low back pain in industry: epidemiological aspects. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 11(4): 163-168, 1979

Epidemiological aspects of back pain within the nursing profession. International Journal of Nursing Studies 24(4): 319-324, 1987

Epidemiological and aetiological aspects of low back pain in vibration environments - an update. Clinical Biomechanics 11(2): 61-73, 1996

Low back pain among hospital staff epidemiological aspects individual and occupational risk factors. Revue d'Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique 36(2): 128-137, 1988

Potential risk factors for new onset of back pain disability in Japanese workers: findings from the Japan epidemiological research of occupation-related back pain study. Spine 37(15): 1324-1333, 2012

Assessment of psychosocial risk factors for the development of non-specific chronic disabling low back pain in Japanese workers-findings from the Japan Epidemiological Research of Occupation-related Back Pain (JOB) study. Industrial Health 53(4): 368-377, 2015

Back pain is more than present pain in the back Epidemiological results and considerations. Reumatologia (Warsaw) 36(SUPPL ): 102-104, 1998

Lumbar disc screening using back pain questionnaires: oswestry low back pain score, aberdeen low back pain scale, and acute low back pain screening questionnaire. Korean Journal of Spine 9(3): 153-158, 2012

Epidemiological aspects and risk factors for low back pain in 38-year-old men and women: a 25-year prospective cohort study of 640 school children. European Spine Journal 5(5): 312-318, 1996