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Epidemiological aspects of campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni enteritis

, : Epidemiological aspects of campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni enteritis. Journal of Hygiene 89(1): 163-170

An epidemiololgical study on C. fetus ssp. jejuni enterocolitis was performed in an urban Swedish community. The study included 55 patients gathered during a 6 mo. period. Of the 55 patients, 41 (75%) were infected outside Sweden. Campylobacter enterocolitis was rare among children within the country. Patients infected in Sweden had eaten chicken significantly more often than a corresponding control group. Of 9 chicken consuming Campylobacter patients, 7 also had prepared the fresh chicken alone, and none of their family members became ill. Thus, the preparation of food contaminated with Campylobacter seems to elevate the risk for contracting the disease. Sick household pets transmitted the Campylobacter infection to 2 patients. Three definite secondary cases were found among 85 close household members of 46 patients. There was no evidence of transmission of Campylobacter by food prepared by 2 cooks who were working while still being asymptomatic excreters. Clinical reinfection with Campylobacter was observed in 1 patient. No patients became long-term carriers of Campylobacter.

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