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Epidemiological aspects of human cathaemasiasis in the philippines a newly discovered parasitic infection


, : Epidemiological aspects of human cathaemasiasis in the philippines a newly discovered parasitic infection. Transactions of the National Academy of Science & Technology Republic of the Philippines 8: 175-182

The newly discovered intestinal fluke of man Cathaemasia cabrerai sp. n. gives rise to epigastric pian similar to that of peptic ulcer. Survey of seventeen barangays of Echague for Cathaemasia eggs in the stool revealed 19.4 percent prevalence, with barangay Malibago having the highest prevalance (35.7%) followed by barangay San Fabian (33.3%) and Soyung (20.2%). Adults had higher prevalence than children. All those found positive gave a history of having eaten uncooked Bullastra snails, locally known as "birabid" which are taken with alcoholic drink or with rice. There appears to be a positive correlation between the eating of raw "birabid" snails and Cathaemasiasis. Attempts to establish the life cycle of the parasite have failed so far and work on this is still going on. Treatment of cases using Praziquantel and Bithionol has been successful but the former drug appears to be more efficacious and with less side reactions. The "birabid" snails have been identified to be Bullastra velutinoides Bergh which belongs to the family Lymnaeidae.

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