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Epidemiological aspects of human t lymphotropic retrovirus type iii infection in italy


, : Epidemiological aspects of human t lymphotropic retrovirus type iii infection in italy. European Journal of Epidemiology 1(4): 288-293

An epidemiological survey on the presence of serum antibodies to human T lymphotropic retrovirus III (HTLV-III) is reported. The study was carried out on people living in large as well as small cities in different Italian regions. Serum samples of 21 patients with AIDS, 402 with ARCS, and 920 from individuals at risk for these diseases were analyzed. The percentage of positive sera varied from 81% in AIDS, to 100% -33.3% in ARC according to the different geographical areas and/or the various categories of people with ARC. The percentage of positive sera in individuals at risk for AIDS and ARC varied from 11.9% in homosexuals, to 21% in drug abusers and 23.1% in haemophiliacs. No positive sera were obsered among 660 normal individuals, relatives of patients with AIDS or ARC and in 114 patients suffering from immunological or infectious disease and among people at risk living in small cities. Sera were also negative in patients with classical Kaposi's sarcoma or T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Since none of the 660 unselected normal adults were positive while a significant percentage of people at risk for AIDS showed antibodies to HTLV-III, we may presume that this infection is prevalent in the Italian categories in which AIDS and ARC are most likely to develop.


Accession: 005375115

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Related references

Carbonari M.; Scarpati B.; Scano G.; Turbessi G.; Lanzalone C.; Luzi G.; Bonomo R.; Giordano F.; Aiuti F., 1986: Epidemiological survey on human t cell lymphotropic virus type iii infection in italy 1981 1985. Aiuti, F , F Rosen And M D Cooper (Ed ) Serono Symposia Publications From Raven Press, Vol 28 Recent Advances in Primary And Acquired Immunodeficiencies Xi+434p Raven Press: New York, N Y , Usa Illus 315-324

Manzari, V.; Barillari, G.; Albonici, L.; French, D.; D.M.rchis, L.; Frati, L., 1987: Human T-lymphotropic retrovirus infection in Italy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 511: 401-405

Pristera R.; Laurenzi M.; Perino F.; Gediorgis A., 1986: Infection by human t lymphotropic virus type iii lymphadenopathy associated virus clinical immunological and epidemiological features in south tirol italy. Giornale di Malattie Infettive e Parassitarie 38(3): 282-285

Isakov, V.A.; Ermolenko, D.K.; Chaika, N.A.; Ermolenko, E.I.; Norman, L.L., 1995: Epidemiological aspects of infection linked with lymphotropic herpes virus of type 6. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 0(4): 111-114

Wong Staal F., 1985: A human t lymphotropic retrovirus human t cell lymphotropic virus type iii as the cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Annals Of Internal Medicine: 679-689

D.R.ssi A.; Gassa O.D.; Mistro A.D.; Valle G.F.; Bianchi L.C., 1986: Human t cell lymphotropic virus type iii and human t cell lymphotropic virus type i infection in populations at risk in the veneto region of italy. A seroepidemiological survey has been carried out in the Veneto region to determine the prevalence of HTLV-III and HTLV-I antibodies in subjects at risk for development of AIDS and related conditions. Serum samples were tested for ELISA and, for c...

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Kanki P.J.; Barin F.; M'boup S.; Allan J.S.; Romet Lemonne J.L.; Marlink R.; Mclane M.F.; Lee T H.; Arbeille B.; E.A., 1986: New human t lymphotropic retrovirus related to simian t lymphotropic virus type iii of african green monkeys. This report describes serologic evidence for a virus similar to that known as simian T-lymphotropic virus type III of African Green monkeys (STLV-IIIAGM) infecting apparently healthy people in Senegal, West Africa, and the isolation of virus from...

Kanki P.J.; Mclane M.F.; King N.W.Jr; Letvin N.L.; Hunt R.D.; Sehgal P.; Daniel M.D.; Desrosiers R.C.; Essex M., 1985: Serologic identification and characterization of a macaque t lymphotropic retrovirus closely related to human t lymphotropic virus type iii. Human T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III) is thought to play an etiologic role in the development of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Serologic characterization of a new simian retrovirus that is related to HTLV-III was describ...

Fitz Gibbon L.; Wainberg M.A., 1986: Individual responses of human lymphocyte cultures to infection by acquired immune deficiency syndrome associated retrovirus human t cell lymphotropic virus type iii. Skamene, E (Ed ) Progress in Leukocyte Biology, Vol 3 Genetic Control Of Host Resistance to Infection And Malignancy; International Symposium, Montreal, Que , Canada, May 12-16, 1985 Xxxiii+848p Alan R Liss, Inc : New York, N Y , Usa Illus 219-226, 1985