EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
48,253,228
Abstracts:
22,798,842
+ Resolve Accession
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
Submit PDF Full TextSubmit PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiological data on cervical carcinoma relevant to cytopathology


, : Epidemiological data on cervical carcinoma relevant to cytopathology. Applied Pathology 5(1): 25-32

Epidemiological studies based on cervical cytopathology have aroused wide-spread interest since it was realized that they could be a useful tool for measuring the effectiveness of screening programs and defining practical measures for the prevention of invasive neoplasms and deaths. In the present article, published evidence from screening programs, cohort investigations and case-control studies is reviewed, and possibilities for further analyses and applications are discussed. In particular, when estimates of the relative protections conveyed by Pap smear from various case-control studies conducted on different populations and using different criteria of selection were pooled, a surprisingly close concordance emerged, with overall risk estimates of invasive cervical cancer of 0.42 for women reporting one smear, and of 0.20 for two or more smears in the past. This protection appeared to be long-lasting in a considerable proportion of cases, since the major determinant of invasive cancer risk was the number of previous smears rather than the interval since last smear, and a noticeable residual effect was evident even more than 10 years after the last smear. Besides providing a measure of the effectiveness of cytological screening and helping define the optimal frequency of screening using the limited resources available, case-control studies should permit accurate estimates of the sensitivity of the test and quantify the probability of transition and the duration of various stages of the neoplastic process, i.e., permit a better understanding of the natural history of the disease.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service)

Order PDF Full Text

Close
Close

Click here to order any other PDF Full Text


Accession: 005375221

PMID: 3620205

PDF Full Text: Submit


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Other references

Treiber, F.A.; Musante, L.; Hartdagan, S.; Davis, H.; Levy, M.; Strong, W.B., 1989: Validation of a heart rate monitor with children in laboratory and field settings. The validity of the Sport Tester PE 3000 portable heart rate monitor for use with children was assessed by comparing readings with simultaneously recorded ECG heart rates in three studies, two using laboratory tasks and one in a field setting. Stu...

Sugihara, P.T.; Sutter, V.L.; Attebery, H.R.; Bricknell, K.S.; Finegold, S.M., 1974: Isolation of Acidaminococcus fermentans and Megasphaera elsdenii from normal human feces. Fecal bacterial cultures from 40 normal humans yielded Megasphaera elsdenii from four individuals and Acidaminococcus fermentans from 10 individuals, with two individuals having both organisms.

Rueter, M.A.; Keyes, M.A.; Iacono, W.G.; McGue, M., 2009: Family interactions in adoptive compared to nonadoptive families. Despite the large and growing numbers of adoptive families, little research describes interactions in families with adopted adolescents. Yet, adopted adolescents' increased risk for adjustment problems, combined with the association between f...

Heessen, H.; Daan, N., 1994: Cod distribution and temperature in the North Sea. ICES Marine Science Symposia 198(0): 244-253

Voloshinova, E.V.; Rebrov, A.P.; Aleksandrova, N.L., 2006: Experience with successful administration of statins in combined therapy of nephrotic syndrome in a patient with AL-amy-loidosis. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv 78(5): 71-73

Anonymous, 2013: Hedging effectiveness of weather derivatives in arable farming a is there a need for mixed indices?. The use of weather derivatives is impaired with a basis risk which diminishes the hedging effectiveness and hinders the distribution of these risk management instruments in the agricultural sector. A frequently suggested approach to reduce the bas...

Taşoğlu, I.; Çiçek, O.Faruk.; Lafci, G.; Kadiroğullari, E.; Sert, D.Emre.; Demir, A.; Cavus, U.; Colak, N.; Songur, M.; Hodo, B., 2014: Usefulness of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of amputation after embolectomy for acute limb ischemia. The aim of this study was to examine the predictive ability of admission neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for predicting amputation in patients with acute limb ischemia who underwent embolectomy. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, hematolo...

Persikova, Z. I., 1959: The formation and life cycle of certain sod gramineous plants. Observations of four sod grasses (matgrass, hair grass, sheep fescue and spear grass), made in the Moscow, Kalinin, and Kursk regions in 1953-1955, showed that these species pass through the following periods, of varying length: primary dormancy,...

Bucek, B.; Murani, E.; Petransky, I., 1989: Examination of the technical state of nonregulating hydrostatic coverters. An apparatus designed to test toothed hydrostatic converters by measuring pressure, temp., timing and revolutions is described and its schematic diagram and technical parameters are given. Several types of hydrostatic converter were tested by the...

Mokhtarian, F.; Rakof, S.; Shi, Y.; Grob, D., 1995: Autoimmune response to neuropeptide is due to both partial homology between viral and host proteins, and pre-existing reactive T cells. 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF IMMUNOLOGY [Author] The 9th International Congress of Immunology : 391