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Epidemiological indicators of oral health

Acta Stomatologica Croatica 19(4): 241-250

Epidemiological indicators of oral health

Oral health of the inhabitants of Rijeka and Belgrade [Yugoslavia] was assessed in a randomized sample of 1,000 subjects pertaining to five typical age groups (i.e., 5-6, 12, 18, 35-44 and 65 > years), using the epidemiological oral health indicators recommended by the World Health Organization. In consistency with these estimates, operational goals of dental care to be attained in Yugoslavia by the year 2000 are proposed, as follows: -60% of children aged 5-6 years free of caries (the present randomized sample revealed 90.3% and 90.0% in Rijeka and Belgrade, respectively); -children aged up to 12 years should have four decayed teeth at the most (KEP) (at present, 8 and 5.4 in Rijeka and Belgrade, respectively); -75% of subjects younger than 18 should have all teeth in dentition preserved (in the present sample, 67.2% and 71.0% in Rijeka and Belgrade, respectively); -in subjects aged 35-44 years, the present percentage of lost teeth should be decreased by 20% (at present, 68% and 61% in Rijeka and Belgrade, respectively); and -in subjects aged 65 and more, the percentage of lost teeth should be lowered by 10% (in the present study population, 53% and 51% in Rijeka and Belgrade, respectively). Along with the implementation of adequate dental care measures, the authors consider it necessary to produce certain conditions for the epidemiologic indicator follow-up to be carried out in the settled time intervals, in order to achieve the goals of oral health by the year 2000.

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Accession: 005375285

PMID: 3869776

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