+ Translate

Epidemiological investigations on Campylobacter jejuni in households with a primary infection

, : Epidemiological investigations on Campylobacter jejuni in households with a primary infection. Journal of Hygiene 93(2): 325-332

Fifty-four Rotterdam patients in which a primary infection with Campylobacter jejuni had been detected (index patients) were compared with 54 control subjects with regard to the consumption and preparation of foods 7 days before onset of illness and the keeping of pet animals. Significantly more index patients than controls had eaten chicken meat (47 v. 29; P = 0.0002), particularly at barbecues (14 v. 2; P = 0.0015). Marginally more index patients had eaten pork (47 v. 39; P = 0.048) or inadequately heated meat (13 v. 8), though in the last case numbers were too small to be statistically significant. The consumption of beef or mutton and outdoor eating (other than at barbecues) were essentially the same in both groups. There was no significant association with the keeping of pet animals, although a few more index patients had cage birds than controls (18 v. 12). Twenty-one (15%) of 136 household contacts of index patients also suffered from diarrhoea during the same period. Circumstantial evidence pointed to a common source of infection with the index patient in 13 instances (nine households) and probable intrafamilial spread of infection in six instances. Campylobacters were isolated from one of 110 swabs of kitchen work surfaces and eight of 107 swabs taken from lavatory bowls in index households.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 005375327

PMID: 6501878

DOI: 10.2307/3862817

Submit PDF Full Text: Here

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Related references

Humphrey, T.J.; Henley, A.; Lanning, D.G., 1993: The colonization of broiler chickens with Campylobacter jejuni: some epidemiological investigations. Between June 1990 and July 1991, broiler chickens from 49 flocks from 23 farms were examined for the carriage of Campylobacter jejuni at slaughter. Thirty-seven flocks (76%) were campylobacter-positive. Prevalence of campylobacter-colonization was...

Renner, Klaus-Johannes, 1994: Investigations upon the influence of monoclonal anti-Campylobacter jejuni-LPS-IgG and an IgA isotyp switch variant on the intestinal colonization of Campylobacter jejuni

Newell, D.G.; McBride, H.; Dolby, J.M., 1985: Investigations on the role of flagella in the colonization of infant mice with Campylobacter jejuni and attachment of Campylobacter jejuni to human epithelial cell lines. The biochemical and biological properties of the flagella of Campylobacter jejuni have been investigated using two variants selected from a flagellate, motile clinical isolate (strain 81116): a flagellate, non-motile variant (SF-1) and an aflagell...

Chen, Z.; Lu, D.; Wan, S., 1995: Epidemiological investigation of Campylobacter Jejuni infection in children. Epidemiological studies on campylobacter jejuni infection in children were carried out in Chengdu during December 1987 to October 1989. Detection rate of campylobacter in 1 092 children with diarrhea was 11.36%, with the highest in children aged 1...

Modugno, G. di; Camarda, A.; Circella, E.; Ficarella, V., 2000: Epidemiological features of Campylobacter jejuni infection among fowls. C. jejuni was harboured by 12 of 14 flocks of laying hens, and 9 of 12 broiler flocks in southern Italy. In the 14 layer flocks, up to 73% of 389 cloacal swabs contained C. jejuni. 15 of 26 broilers were infected at 52-55 days of age, but broiler...

Arita, K.; Yamauchi, E.; Mizuno, S.; Maki, S., 1982: Serological response to Campylobacter jejuni infection: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of antibodies to Campylobacter jejuni. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 56(7): 566-573

Holan, J.; Hensel, G.; Hoffmann, K., 1984: Infection by Campylobacter jejuni/coli: bacteriological, clinical and epidemiological aspects. Das Offentliche Gesundheitswesen 46(3): 131-135

Vucković, D.; Abram, M.; Dorić, M., 1998: Primary Campylobacter jejuni infection in different mice strains. Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most frequent causes of diarrhoea in man. Extra-intestinal manifestations may also occur, particularly in immunocompromised individuals. However, because of the lack of appropriate animal models the pathophysiolo...

Tenover, F.C.; Knapp, J.S.; Patton, C.; Plorde, J.J., 1985: Use of auxotyping for epidemiological studies of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli infections. A chemically defined medium developed for Neisseria gonorrhoeae was modified to support the growth of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. A total of 76 isolates of C. jejuni and 14 isolates of C. coli were tested on this medium, which was...

Rosef, O., 1984: Epidemiological and food hygienic aspect of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. The author and his colleagues at the Department of Food Hygiene, Norwegian Veterinary College investigated the occurrence of campylobacters in wild and domestic birds and mammals in Norway, and the contamination of carcasses of pigs and poultry. T...