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Epidemiological studies on bovine vesical hematuria in caldas risaralda and quindio colombia

, : Epidemiological studies on bovine vesical hematuria in caldas risaralda and quindio colombia. Revista del Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario 18(4): 335-344

An epidemiological study on bovine vesical hematuria (BVH) was carried out based on the evaluation of a survey on 45 farms of Caldas, Risaralda and Quindio regions in Colombia. The prevalence of the disease was of 1.16% for the whole region and 3.83% for farms. BVH affects mainly cows older than 4 yr. Pure breed or cross breeds are more susceptible than criollo and rustic breeds like Normando cattle. The annual rainfall around 2.500 mm, pH values equal or under 5.0 and yellowish color of the soil, as well as inadequate weed control that leads to an excess, particulary bracken fern were considered the most important factors that contributed to the presentation of the disease. The affected farms were also characterized by lack of mineral supplies in the animals ration. Discussion of the importance of ecological and animal handling factors, evaluation of economical losses and recommendations on prevention and control are presented.

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