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Epidemiological study on cases of death by accident in childhood in a neighborhood of valencia spain

, : Epidemiological study on cases of death by accident in childhood in a neighborhood of valencia spain. Revista de Sanidad e Higiene Publica 61(9-10): 971-998

The authors analyze the accidents within the epidemiological pattern of industrialized countries as one of the mortality causes, interpreting it both as a social and a collective phenomenon. The object of the study is to identify the behaviour of a population group, from 0 to 14 years of age, measured by the accidents resulting from an environmental risk generated in a depressed urban medium. Once the protocol had been designed to carry out the investigation and to find out the real accident incidence in the district, an opinion poll was taken on the population; the size of the sample was obtained by a single aleatory sampling, with no replacement, and with a remaining total of 285 samples. The method employed was according to the Error Standard, Deviation Standard formulae, and with an X2 for statistical significance. In 41 of the families, accidents were reported, which means 14.38% of the total of the sample; the number of injured children being 45, that is, 7.7% of all the children under 15 out of the sampled families. By the results that were obtained by our working team, two questions arose; the value of the injury incidence observed, and the influence exerted on the injured people by the socio-economic conditions of the district. Conclusions vary according to the criterion used to calculate the expected morbidity using the criteria of WHO, Arbelo, Berfenstam or Corvisier.

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