+ Site Statistics
+ Resolve Accession
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
Submit PDF Full TextSubmit PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiological surveillance: a tool for assessment of malaria and its control

, : Epidemiological surveillance: a tool for assessment of malaria and its control. Journal of Communicable Diseases 16(3): 197-207

From the early twentieth century spleen and parasite surveys among children from the 2-9 yr age-group provided the basic information on the status of malaria from an area and the endemicity grades of different areas were classified on the basis of the spleen survey. It was also apparent that the parasite rate among infants (up to 12 mo.) can provide significant information on the quantum of malaria transmission. Some preferred to study the infectivity rate (sporozoites) in anopheles vectors, even though it is often a painstaking task with a great degree of limitations. Thus, the usual malariometric survey included child spleen and parasite surveys and infant parasite rate (IPR) studies. In some instances entomological aspects were also studied. Epidemiological surveillance is a concept of the malaria eradication campaign designed to ensure total coverage of the entire population through various activities. It is introduced at an advanced stage of the campaign when the classical malariometric surveys are not sensitive enough to determine the exact malaria status of an area, so essential in the eradication context. The disciplines and dynamics under the system are screening of all fever cases on total geographical coverage basis as well as through the health agencies in search of malaria by examination of blood smears of such cases, institution of prompt treatment and initiating preventive measures based on epidemiological investigations. It is also designed to measure accurately the status of malaria and its transmission and thus the progress of the eradication campaign with the help of a number of parasitological parameters.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service)

Order PDF Full Text


Click here to order any other PDF Full Text

Accession: 005375666

PMID: 6334703

PDF Full Text: Submit

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Other references

Kastrup, M., 2002: Experience with current multiaxial diagnostic systems: a critical review. It is difficult to capture the complexity of the psychiatric condition with a single diagnostic category, and a multiaxial approach provides a more comprehensive picture of the current disorder. The WPA section on classification has developed a mu...

Arad, Gila; Levy, Revital; Kaempfer, Raymond, 2002: Superantigen concomitantly induces Th1 cytokine genes and the ability to shut off their expression on re-exposure to superantigen. Superantigens, exemplified by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), are the strongest known inducers of a cellular immune response; they elicit the production of excessive amounts of Th1 cytokines, IL-2, IFN-gamma and TNF, leading to toxic shock. We...

Tasinato, A.; Boscoboinik, D.; Bartoli, G.M.; Maroni, P.; Azzi, A., 1995: d-alpha-tocopherol inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation occurs at physiological concentrations, correlates with protein kinase C inhibition, and is independent of its antioxidant properties. d-alpha-Tocopherol, but not d-beta-tocopherol, negatively regulates proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells at physiological concentrations. d-alpha-Tocopherol inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) activity, whereas d-beta-tocopherol is ineffectiv...

Nishimura, T.; Shimizu, T.; Sugiyama, A.; Ichinohe, K.; Teshima, T.; Takahashi, M.; Takai, M.; Kaneko, M., 1990: Insufficiency fracture of the pelvis after the radiotherapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Bone injury after the radiotherapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix has been reported since early days of this century. Recently, the concept of insufficiency fracture has been confirmed. Insufficiency fracture is one of the stress fractures an...

Lagarde, J. F.; Kelso, J. A. S., 2003: Multimodal coordination dynamics the binding of movement, sound and touch. The present study examines the stability of multimodal integration. The emphasis is placed on the coordination of movement and audio -tactile stimuli that are not simultaneous. Vibrotactile rhythmic stimuli were applied to the tip of the right thu...

Bouscary, D.; Chen, Y. L.; Guesnu, M.; Melle, J.; Picard, F.; Viguier, F.; Dreyfus, F.; Fontenay Roupie, M., 1999: FAS expression in MDS bone marrow cells has no prognostic value. Leukemia Research 23(SUPPL 1): S17, April

Van Santbrink, H.; Maas, A. I. R.; Avezaat, C. J. J., 1995: Brain tissue PO-2 after severe head injury related to jugular bulb oxymetry. Journal of Neurotrauma 12(3): 374

Naranjo, C.A.; Busto, U.; Sellers, E.M., 1982: Difficulties in assessing adverse drug reactions in clinical trials. 1. The discovery of an adverse drug reaction (ADR) depends on: the relative frequencies of the drug-related and non-drug events; the mechanism of drug-induced toxicity; the number of patients exposed to the drug; and the methods used for detecting...

Reid, Mayne., 1889: The Naturalist in Siluria. Unknown

Kawai F.; Yamanaka H., 1989: Inducible or constitutive polyethylene glycol dehydrogenase involved in the aerobic metabolism of polyethylene glycol. 2,6-Dichlorophenolindophenol (DCIP)-dependent polyethylene glycol (PEG) dehydrogenase activity was found in the particulate fractions of cell-free extracts prepared from PEG-utilizing bacteria (Pseudomonas and Flavobacterium species). This result...