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Epidemiology as a basis for parasite control using as an example the cattle lung worm dictyocaulus viviparus


, : Epidemiology as a basis for parasite control using as an example the cattle lung worm dictyocaulus viviparus. Angewandte Parasitologie 18(4): 204

The cattle lungworm D. viviparus is used as a practical example to illustrate the epidemiology of parasitic diseases. The infestation predominantly occurs in animals in the 1st pasture period; the life span of the sexually mature Dictyocaulus lasts only a few months. In the climate of the Pre-Alps [Germany] it is essentially maintained from 1 pasture period to the next by pre-adults (early 5th instar). These hibernate in the lungs of young bovines and mature in the spring to sexually mature worms. About 20% of the larvae expelled from young bovines in the spring, after a prolonged quiescent period, turn into producers of more larvae. The surest method of combating lungworm is the strict separation of animals of the 1st and 2nd pasture periods.


Accession: 005375832

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Related references

Supperer, R., 1977: Epidemiology as a basis of parasite control, with the example of the cattle lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus. Angewandte Parasitologie: 18 (4) 204

Supperer, R., 1977: Epidemiology as a foundation for parasite control, illustrated by the cattle lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus. In the Voralpine region of Austria, Dictyocaulus viviparus infect young cattle in the autumn and overwinter as 5th-stage larvae in the lungs. They develop in the spring to sexually mature worms. About 20% of the calves infected in the previous yea...

Swietlikowski, M., 1965: The Epidemiology Of Dictyocaulosis Of Cattle And Biology Of The Parasite Dictyocaulus Viviparus (Bloch, 1782). Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne 11: 151-159

Lucker, J.T.; Vegors, H.H., 1964: Immunization against the cattle lung worm: experiments on oral vaccination of calves with X-irradiated Dictyocaulus viviparus larvae. The larvae were irradiated in water until 40, 000 r were delivered at its surface. Each of four calves was given a single dose of 4, 000 larvae irradiated at about 2, 650 r/min. After about 4 months the calves were not resistant to a challenge dos...

Durette Desset M.C.; Hugonnet L.; Chabaud A.G., 1988: Redescription of dictyocaulus noerneri railliet et henry 1907 parasite of capreolus capreolus in europe comparison with dictyocaulus viviparus bloch 1782 parasite of cattle. Both species are easily distinguished by the shape and the thickness of the buccal ring. In D. noerneri, the buccal ring is 12-14 .mu.m high, kidney like shape in optical section and thick in en face view. In D. viviparus, the buccal ring is 22-25...

Matthews, J.B.; Davidson, A.J.; Freeman, K.L.; French, N.P., 2001: Immunisation of cattle with recombinant acetylcholinesterase from Dictyocaulus viviparus and with adult worm ES products. Dictyocaulus viviparus causes a serious lung disease of cattle. For over 30 years, a radiation-attenuated larval vaccine has been used with success; however, this vaccine has several disadvantages. A more stable vaccine against D. viviparus, capab...

Matthews, J.B.; Davidson, A.J.; Freeman, K.L.; French, N.P., 2001: Immunisation of cattle with recombinant acetylcholinesterase from Dictyocaulus viviparus and with adult worm ES products. Dictyocaulus viviparus causes a serious lung disease of cattle. For over 30 years, a radiation-attenuated larval vaccine has been used with success; however, this vaccine has several disadvantages. A more stable vaccine against D. viviparus, capab...

Schnieder, T., 1993: Physiopathology, epidemiology and diagnosis of Dictyocaulus viviparus infection in cattle. The thesis was based on 9 journal articles published in English between 1991 and 1993 on parasitic bronchitis, particularly the diagnostic use of recombinant antigen in enzyme immunoassay.

Jiménez, A.E.; Fernández, A.; Dolz, G.; Vargas, B.; Epe, C.; Schnieder, T., 2008: Dictyocaulus viviparus seroprevalence and epidemiology in Costa Rican dairy cattle. A cross-sectional serological survey of Dictyocaulus viviparus was carried out to determine the prevalence of lungworm infections in 28 dairy cattle farms distributed in five selected areas from Costa Rica. The influence of area, farm, host (breed...

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