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Epidemiology in infantile psychiatry a study on 295 children


, : Epidemiology in infantile psychiatry a study on 295 children. Neurobiologia (Recife) 47(2): 71-90

Children (295) aged 3 mo. to 14 yr, 214 male and 81 female, at the ambulatory of Infantile Psychiatry of "Hospital das Clinicas" of Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, USP [University of Sao Paulo, Brazil], were studied between Jan. 1980 and May 1981. A general analysis of data verified that patients presented the following diagnoses, according to their age and sex, at the frequency written in parentheses: disturbances in sleep: 217 (73.5%); disturbances related to hygiene: 124 (42%); neurotic reactions: 92 (31.2%); cerebral organic alterations; 72 (24.4%); nourishing disturbances; 65 (22%); mental deficiency: 59 (20%); disturbances in speech; 46 (15.5%); psychosomatic manifestations: 39 (13.2%); psychiatric emergencies: 21 (7.1%); psychomotor disturbances: 18 (6.1%); psychotic disturbances; 18 (6.1%); disturbances in the sexual area: 17 (5.7%) and disturbances in personality: 14 (4.7%). Most of the patients were referred from a 1st contact they had with other specialities. The incidence in the groups classified by age increased the older the patients were. Disturbances in sleep, nourishing disturbances and those related to hygiene were more frequent in the first years of life. Cerebral organic alterations, neurotic reactions, psychotic and sexual disturbances as well as disturbances in personality do predominate in children of higher age.

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