+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiology of accidental home poisoning in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 37(4): 291-295

Epidemiology of accidental home poisoning in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

In a prospective study on 178 cases of accidental home poisoning admitted to the main children's hospital in Riyadh poisoning was found to account for 5.6% of the total annual admissions--greater than any other developing country and approaching Western proportions. The commonest ages were between 1 and 5 years. Drugs accounted for 52% of cases and household products for 46%. This picture also differs from the pattern of poisoning in developing countries and is more akin to that of industrialised countries. The most important factors in aetiology, besides the age of the patient and the underprivileged social class, were the abundance of drugs and household chemicals in the Saudi home, none of them in child proof containers; inappropriate storage; and lack of supervision of children. Cultural factors also contributed. The frequency of poisoning in childhood may be decreased in the long run by improved housing, socioeconomic status, and education. The place and methods of health education, also a long term objective, is discussed. For immediate primary prevention two important legislative measures are proposed: (1) provision of childproof containers of drugs and other chemicals used in the home and (2) banning of over the counter sales of drugs. For more accurate epidemiological data collection, and thereby better preventative planning, a national register of accidental poisoning and other accidents is recommended. Poison information centres are also deemed necessary.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 005375857

PMID: 6655419

DOI: 10.1136/jech.37.4.291

Related references

Accidental poisoning of children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of the Royal Society of Health 109(6): 204-5, 208, 1989

Patterns of accidental fractures and dislocations in children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine 11(3): 260-263, 1991

Childhood epidemiology of hepatitis A virus in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine 18(1): 18-21, 2007

Pattern and determinants of poisoning in a teaching hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 19(1): 57-63, 2011

Molecular Epidemiology of Human Metapneumovirus in Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 26(6): 414-421, 2016

Epidemiology of 11 respiratory RNA viruses in a cohort of hospitalized children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Medical Virology 88(6): 1086-1091, 2015

Burden of traumatic injuries in Saudi Arabia: lessons from a major trauma registry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine 34(4): 291-296, 2015

Reports of bacterial food poisoning in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia: A one-year retrospective study. Saudi Medical Journal 14(1): 46-49, 1993

International conference on the impact of viral diseases on health care and medical services in saudi arabia and the middle east riyadh saudi arabia june 5 9 1988. Bulletin de l'Institut Pasteur 87(3): 289-295, 1989

Trends in antibiotic susceptibility patterns and epidemiology of MRSA isolates from several hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 5(): 30-30, 2006