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Epidemiology of childhood poisoning in the region of primorje and gorski kotar yugoslavia


, : Epidemiology of childhood poisoning in the region of primorje and gorski kotar yugoslavia. Medicina (Rijeka) 22(3): 93-98

With the development of immunization, antibiotics, and effective chemotherapeutics for treating childhood cancer, accidents remain the most important cause of childhood disease, disability, and death. Poisoning is among them the most common medical accident that occurs in children under 5 years of age. All patients admitted for poisoning in the Clinic for Child Diseases and the Clinic for Otorinolaringology in Rijeka in the period from January 1974 to December 1983 have been retrospectively analyzed. While in the developed countries, on behalf of adequate preventive measures, a certain decline is obvious, in our region an almost double increase of poisoned children has been noticed. The results indicate that accidental poisoning occurs more often (91.6%) and mostly in children under 7 years of age (85.1%). Boys had a higher total rate of poisoning than girls. Drugs (54.6%) are most common in poisoning. The fact that only one of eight poisoned children gets elementary aid at home and only one of five in first aid stations, indicates an insufficient knowledge of parents and medical staff. Accidental poisoning in most cases is preventable and the authors recommend the establishment of regional poison control centers as the best primary places for prevention and treatment.

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