Erythrocyte microtubule assembly in vitro. Determination of the effects of erythrocyte tau, tubulin isoforms, and tubulin oligomers on erythrocyte tubulin assembly, and comparison with brain microtubule assembly
Murphy, D.B.; Wallis, K.T.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(22): 12293-12301
Two tubulin variants, isolated from chicken brain and erythrocytes and known to have different peptide maps and electrophoretic properties, are demonstrated to exhibit different assembly properties in vitro: (1) erythrocyte tubulin assembles with greater efficiency (lower critical concentration, greater elongation rate) but exhibits a lower nucleation rate than brain tubulin, and (2) erythrocyte tubulin readily forms oligomers whose presence significantly retards the rate of elongation, suggesting that tubulin oligomers may also be important for determining the rate of assembly and the length of microtubules in erythrocytes. Erythrocyte tubulin isolated by cycles of in vitro assembly-disassembly is also demonstrated to contain a 67-kDa tau factor that greatly enhances microtubule nucleation but has little effect on elongation rates or critical concentration. Immunofluorescence microscopy with tau antibody indicates that tau is specifically associated with marginal band microtubules, suggesting that it may be important for determining microtubule function in vivo.