Essential oils of the pakistani species of the family umbelliferae 48. petroselinum crispum english parsley oil of the green plant
Ashraf, M.; Ahmad, R.; Bhatty, M.K.; Mahmood, S.
Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 23(3-4): 128-129
The percentage yield, physicochemical characteristics and chemical composition of the essential oil obtained by dry steam-distillation of the green plant of P. crispum [important in medicine and as a flavoring agent] cultivated in the PCSIR Laboratories, Lahore, was studied. The oil with a yield of 0.06% was composed of santene (0.2%), .alpha.-thujene (0.1%), .alpha.-pinene (0.2%), camphene (0.7%), .beta.-pinene (0.2%), .alpha.-phellandrene (0.3%), limonene (1.0%), .beta.-phellandrene (traces), .gamma.-terpinene (1.6%), terpinolene (1.0%), .beta.-caryophyllene (1.1%), unknown sesquiterpenes (2.8%), myristicin (65.2%), apiole (traces), osthole (5.6%) and tarry material (20.0%). The oil was used in high-grade perfumery. The plant was successfully cultivated. Its cultivation provided a very useful raw material for the production of a valuable essential oil.