Establishment and characterization of murine macrophage hybrids
Zuckerman, S.H.; Tang, J.; Marder, P.; Butler, L.D.; Carlson, D.G.
Cellular Immunology 103(1): 207-215
Proteose peptone-induced peritoneal macrophages from CBA/J (H-2k) mice have been fused to a hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase-negative variant of the P388D1 (H-2d) murine macrophage cell line. Six hybrid clones were isolated followig HAT selection and further characterized. Five of the six clones express class I antigens of both parental haplotypes by microelisa and by flow cytometric analysis. Class II antigen expression of both haplotypes was apparent following a 72-hr incubation of the hybrids with concanavalin A-stimulated rat spleen cell supernatant. However, I-Ad was expressed in all hybrids to a greater extent than I-Ak. Three clones with the highest level of I-Ak expression, E5, C2, and C4, were capable of antigen presentation to the I-Ak-restricted T-cell line, D10.G4.1. LPS induction of the hybrids resulted in a 2- to 15-fold increase in the amount of IL-1 produced relative to the P388D1 parent. Finally, in distinction to P33D1, all hybrids demonstrated increased Fc-mediated erythrophagocytosis of chromium-labeled antibody-coated erythrocytes. These murine macrophage hybrids appear stable and should serve as useful models in understanding the regulation of macrophage function.