Section 6
Chapter 5,393

Ethylene production by citrus sinensis cultivar valencia peel explants treated with abscission accelerating compounds

Evensen, K.B.; Bausher, M.G.; Biggs, R.H.

Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 106(1): 57-60


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-1062
Accession: 005392429

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Ethylene production in peel explants of 'Valencia' oranges [C. sinensis (L.) Osbeck] treated with 5-chloro-3-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (Release) was similar in pattern to ethylene production by whole fruits treated with the chemical. Smaller amounts of ethylene were produced by untreated peel explants. Explants from fruit harvested in Oct. and March showed similar patterns of ethylene evolution when untreated and when Release was applied. The response to this chemical was localized in the flavedo. Ethylene production was dependent on temperature in both untreated and Release-treated peel explants, but the ethylene response to the chemical was particularly temperature-dependent. The temperature optimum in both cases was approximately 25.degree. C. Peel disks from regreening fruit generally produced less ethylene than disks from nongreening fruit when Release or glyoxal dioxime (ethanediol dioxime, Pik-Off) was applied. The magnitude of the difference between regreening and nonregreening disks depended on the concentrations of Pik-Off or Release applied.

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