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Evaluation of a density estimator based on a trapping web and distance sampling theory


Ecology (Washington D C) 66(4): 1185-1194
Evaluation of a density estimator based on a trapping web and distance sampling theory
A new density estimation technique using a trapping web and distance sampling theory was evaluated using Monte Carlo methods. A sophisticated computer algorithm simulated movement of small mammals according to 4 different home range utilization distributions. Trapping of small mammal populations was simulated with 4 spatial patterns, two population densities, and three realistic average capture probabilities; in total, 8151 replications were evaluated. Percent relative bias of the estimator of density ranged from -4 to 29% for average capture probabilities (.hivin.p) of 0.16 and 0.24, and from -17 to 30% at (.hivin.p) = 0.09. Average coefficients of variation were 7.8-9.8% at a density (D) of 100 individuals/ha and 15.1-19.1% at D = 25 individuals/ha. Acheived confidence interval coverage for the density estimator ranged from 32-94%, under the assumption of a 95% nominal level. An improved variance estimator for the trapping web was developed that should improve the confidence interval coverage. The trapping web approach appears very promising in aiding the manager or researcher to obtain reliable density estimates for small mammal populations. The statistical theory underlying this estimation is well developed and is based on relatively few assumptions.


Accession: 005395057

DOI: 10.2307/1939171



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