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Evaluation of a diabetes education program

, : Evaluation of a diabetes education program. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine 12(2): 153-160

An education program was evaluated for 140 insulin-dependent diabetics and their family members from 1978-1980. Dietary, biochemical and other assessments were made before and 6 mo. after the program. As a group, the diabetics were inititally in good metabolic control and this was maintained, or improved, over the study period. The program recommended a diet in which complex carbohydrates constituted at least 45% of energy intake and fat was limited to 30%. The diabetics and their family members significantly increased their consumption of complex carbohydrate and decreased fat intake. On this regimen, diabetics did not gain weight and their relatives lost weight. There were also improvements in knowledge of the disorder and in perceptions of susceptibility to complications and barriers to compliance.

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