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Evaluation of a fluorescent dust tracer technique in cotton ginning

American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 39(12): 998-1008
Evaluation of a fluorescent dust tracer technique in cotton ginning
A technique employing a fluorescent tracer for following the break-up and dispersion of cotton trash has been developed. Senescent cotton leaves were treated with a fluorescent dye, pulverized to match the same particle size distribution as naturally occurring leaf in raw seed cotton and uniformly incorporated into the seed cotton mass prior to processing in a saw-type micro-gin. A control lot was similarly processed, excluding any dye. Airborne samples collected from the major fugitive dust emission points by standard techniques, macro trash samples collected from four locations, and the final condensed lint product clearly show that the use of such tracers is not only feasible but highly useful in determining the locations where respirable dust is emitted. From the fraction of labelled tracer material found at any site, the relative amounts of both total and respirable dust emissions of that plant component can be estimated from the known masses of dyed material added to a given mass of seed cotton. Estimates of the relative severity of fugitive dust emissions from various processing steps in a cotton gin are presented based on vertical elutriator, high volume and multistage cascade impactor sampler data.

Accession: 005395106

PMID: 742602

DOI: 10.1080/0002889778507900

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