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Evaluation of acute toxicity of smoke and gases from smoldering and burning plastic forms


, : Evaluation of acute toxicity of smoke and gases from smoldering and burning plastic forms. Yokohama Medical Bulletin 30(1-4): 47-60

Under estimated conditions of heating and air supply, various polymeric materials (polystyrene, polyvinylchloride, polyurethane, urea resin and wood [Lavan]) were burned. Plastic foams were heated to temperatures corresponding to early stage of fire. Incapacitation time of mice and rabbits was taken as toxicity scale. Generally, incapacitation time decreased and toxicity increased with increasing temperature. Most toxic effects of the polymers resulted from HCN.

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