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Evidence of 2 kinds of fear aroused by threat appeals

, : Evidence of 2 kinds of fear aroused by threat appeals. Psychological Reports 41((3 PART 1)): 788-790

Nausea-type fear is aroused by gruesome, vivid descriptions; concern-type fear is more related to the likelihood that the subject will experience the threat. Subjects [human] exposed to nausea-type threat expressed more aggression than subjects exposed to concern-type threat. Higbee's suggestion that nausea-type threat and concern-type threat are different was supported.

Accession: 005411048

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Related references

Hodgson, R.W., 1977: Evidence of two kinds of fear aroused by threat appeals. Psychological Reports 41(3 Pt 1): 788-790

Cauberghe, V.; D.P.lsmacker, P.; Janssens, W.; Dens, N., 2009: Fear, threat and efficacy in threat appeals: message involvement as a key mediator to message acceptance. In a sample of 170 youngsters, the effect of two versions of a public service announcement (PSA) threat appeal against speeding, placed in four different contexts, on evoked fear, perceived threat (severity and probability of occurrence), perceive...

Dillard, J.Price.; Li, R.; Huang, Y., 2016: Threat Appeals: The Fear-Persuasion Relationship is Linear and Curvilinear. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Drive theory may be seen as the first scientific theory of health and risk communication. However, its prediction of a curvilinear association between fear and persuasion is generally held to be incorrect. A c...

Ruiter, R.A.C.; Verplanken, B.; Kok, G.; Werrij, M.Q., 2009: The role of coping appraisal in reactions to fear appeals: do we need threat information?. Fear appeal theory postulates a multiplicative relationship between threat information and coping appraisal on fear control (e.g., avoid thinking about breast cancer to reduce feelings of fear) and danger control (e.g. motivation to perform monthl...

Putwain, D.W.; Symes, W.; Wilkinson, H.M., 2016: Fear appeals, engagement, and examination performance: The role of challenge and threat appraisals. Fear appeals are persuasive messages that draw attention to the negative consequences (e.g., academic failure) that follow a particular course of action (e.g., not engaging in lessons) and how negative consequences can be avoided with an alternate...

Higbee, K.L., 1969: Fifteen years of fear arousal: research on threat appeals: 1953-1968. Psychological Bulletin 72(6): 426-444

Rogers, R.W.; Mewborn, C.R., 1976: Fear appeals and attitude change: effects of a threat's noxiousness, probability of occurrence, and the efficacy of coping responses. Three factorial experiments examined the persuasive effects of the noxiousness of threatened event, its probability of occurrence, and the efficacy of recommended protective measures. A total of 176 students participated in separate studies on the...

Carey, R.N.; McDermott, D.T.; Sarma, K.M., 2013: The impact of threat appeals on fear arousal and driver behavior: a meta-analysis of experimental research 1990-2011. The existing empirical research exploring the impact of threat appeals on driver behavior has reported inconsistent findings. In an effort to provide an up-to-date synthesis of the experimental findings, meta-analytic techniques were employed to e...

Carey, R.N.; Sarma, K.M., 2016: Threat appeals in health communication: messages that elicit fear and enhance perceived efficacy positively impact on young male drivers. Health communications often present graphic, threat-based representations of the potential consequences of health-risk behaviours. These 'threat appeals' feature prominently in public health campaigns, but their use is controversial, wit...

Kessels, L.T.E.; Ruiter, R.A.C.; Wouters, L.; Jansma, B.M., 2014: Neuroscientific evidence for defensive avoidance of fear appeals. Previous studies indicate that people respond defensively to threatening health information, especially when the information challenges self-relevant goals. The authors investigated whether reduced acceptance of self-relevant health risk informati...