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Evidence of a multiplicative effect between cigarette smoking and occupational exposures in the etiology of bladder cancer


, : Evidence of a multiplicative effect between cigarette smoking and occupational exposures in the etiology of bladder cancer. Cancer Letters 14(3): 285-290

A case-control study on urinary tract cancer in men is ongoing in the Province of Torino. The analysis of tobacco smoke and occupational histories of the first 225 case-control pairs is described. The overall relative risks (RR) for tobacco smoke and for occupations known to entail a risk for bladder cancer were, respectively, 4.8 (95% confidence limits (C.L.) 2.4-9.3) and 1.7 (1.0-2.7). There was a clearcut dose-response relationship between different categories of cigarette consumption and risk for urinary tract cancer. For each level of cigarette consumption, relative risks were compared between men reporting and non-reporting occupations at risk. This analysis suggested a multiplicative effect between the 2 factors.

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Grassi, Maria Pia; Borella, Monica, 1999: Peripheral nervous system and infectious diseases. The main aspects of the neuropathic involvement during systemic infectious diseases are reported; with particular attention to the several forms of neuropathic damage both during the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the infectious diseases o...

Koopowitz, H., 1969: Photoreception by a vermetid mollusc. Dissertation Abstracts, 29B 3545

Yucel, A.; Bozday, G.; Imir, T., 2002: Seroprevalence of TORCHE antibodies among pregnant women in Gazi University Hospital. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of TORCHE infections among pregnant women attending the Gazi University Hospital in Turkey. A total of 740 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. IgM and IgG antibodies against Toxoplas...

Morris, Claudia; Vichinsky, Elliott; Styles, Lori, 1999: Clinician assessment for acute chest syndrome in febrile patients with sickle cell disease: Is it accurate enough?. Study objective: To determine whether the use of empiric chest radiography (CXR) is of significant value in detecting clinically unsuspected acute chest syndrome (ACS) in febrile patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Methods: Patients with SCD...