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Evidence of intracellular and trans acting differentiation inducing activity in human promyelocytic leukemia hl 60 cells its possible involvement in process of cell differentiation from a commitment step to a phenotype expression step

, : Evidence of intracellular and trans acting differentiation inducing activity in human promyelocytic leukemia hl 60 cells its possible involvement in process of cell differentiation from a commitment step to a phenotype expression step. Journal of Cellular Physiology 134(2): 261-268

We previously reported that human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells, when treated with various inducers in magnesium-deficient medium, became committed to differentiate but did not express the differentiation-related phenotypes (Okazaki et al., J. Cell. Physiol., 131: 50-57, 1987). In the present study we demonstrated the existence of an intracellular differentiation-inducing activity (int-DIA) in differentiation-committed phenotype-nonexpressing HL-60 cells by using cybrid formation between untreated HL-60 cells and cytoplasts from HL-60 cells treated in magnesium-deficient medium with 100 nM 1.alpha.,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Cell extracts from similarly treated HL-60 cells also showed int-DIA, which when added (10 mg total protein/ml) to culture of untreated HL-60 cells, could increase the percentages of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT)- and nonspecific esterase (NSE)-positive cells from 1% to 53%, and from 0 to 32%, respectively. They also induced differentiation of human monoblastic leukemia U-937 cells and of human myeloblastic leukemia KG-1 cells but not of erythroleukemia K-562 cells. These results suggested that the int-DIA had a common effect on differentiation induction in several human myeloid cell lines and may be involved in inducing cells to proceed from a commitment to a phenotype-expression step during human myeloid cell differentiation.

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