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Expectancies and attribution of adolescents prior to different outcomes and extinction

, : Expectancies and attribution of adolescents prior to different outcomes and extinction. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 11(3): 225-235

Adolescents [human] from ages 11-15 yr (5th, 7th and 9th grades) experienced either success or failure in puzzle solving and then worked at an extinction task. Predictive questionnaires were completed prior to both treatment and extinction tasks. Consistent with previous findings in children, results from both questionnaires showed that ratings of expectancy of success, anticipated enjoyment and ability decreased significantly with age. A similar trend of decreasing optimism also occurred for effort and luck attributional ratings. For all age groups, success increased ratings for expectancy of success, enjoyment and ability, but decreased ratings of task difficulty and luck. Weiner's hypothesized linkage between expectancy and the stability attribution dimension was obtained at all age levels. During the extinction task, 5th and 7th graders persisted longer than 9th graders and persistence was significantly correlated with different ratings for different age groups. Sex differences for ratings of ability indicated a self-derogatory bias for 9th grade females.

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Accession: 005419393

DOI: 10.1037/h0081592

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