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Expression of vaccinia virus early messenger rna in ehrlich ascites tumor cells 2. part of the polysomes at an early stage of virus infection are not bound to the cytoskeleton

, : Expression of vaccinia virus early messenger rna in ehrlich ascites tumor cells 2. part of the polysomes at an early stage of virus infection are not bound to the cytoskeleton. European Journal of Biochemistry 129(2): 273-280

A method for preparing detergent cytoskeletons from uninfected or vaccinia-virus-infected cells is described. This method resulted in the fractionation of the cytoplasmic compartment into soluble and cytoskeletal fractions. More than 85% of small molecules and tRNA were released from the cytoskeleton and recovered into the soluble fraction. The cytoskeletal fraction contained .apprx. 40% of the cytoplasmic proteins and 67% of total cytoplasmic RNA. Similar values were obtained for vaccinia-virus-infected cells. Whereas 85% of the cellular polysomes and poly(A)-rich RNA remained associated with the cytoskeleton in uninfected cells, > 40% of vaccinia early mRNA engaged into polysomes was found to be not associated with the cytoskeleton. A similar partition was found when the viral RNA was labeled for 15 min at 5 min and 20 min after the infection or when varying the duration of the pulse. Soluble and cytoskeletal viral polysomes were found to synthesize a similar set of proteins after translation in vitro of the corresponding mRNA. The fate of rapidly labeled cellular poly(A)-rich RNA upon vaccinia virus infection was followed by a glucosamine/uridine chase procedure, and also that of relatively stable poly(A)-rich RNA after long-term labeling and chase. In both cases no release of poly(A)-rich RNA from the cytoskeleton occurred after vaccinia virus infection. These experiments reveal that cellular mRNA remains associated to the cytoskeleton in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells infected with vaccinia virus (early period) whereas at least 40% of the vaccinia early polysomes are not associated with the cytoskeleton. A model for vaccinia early mRNA metabolism is presented, which may account for the rapid shut-off of host protein synthesis.

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