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Flavivirus infections in Chiang Mai area, Thailand, in 1982



Flavivirus infections in Chiang Mai area, Thailand, in 1982



Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 14(4): 470-480



Infection by Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus still constitutes a major cause of encephalitis in Chiang Mai Area, although some cases of possible dengue encephalopathy were observed. In spite of many apparent encephalitis cases, infection of vector mosquitoes by JE virus was not demonstrated. Virus isolation from hospitalized patients showed that the principal type of dengue virus circulating in Chiang Mai in 1982 was type 1 virus. Seroepidemiological survey on healthy humans indicated that the northern part of Chiang Mai Province in the region of the Maekong Valley has not yet been invaded so much by dengue viruses, compared with the Chiang Mai Valley, where dengue infection apparently became more prevalent than 12 yr ago. The spread of JE virus in the study area was not uniform. Survey on vertebrates showed that anti-JE antibodies were highly prevalent among swine, horses, mules, sheep and dogs. Antibody prevalence was low in monkeys, ducks and sparrows, and was negative among chickens and lizards. IgM-ELISA [enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay] appeared to help differential diagnosis on JE from dengue even when the HI [hemagglutination-inhibition] test did not give positive results.

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Accession: 005466749

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PMID: 6324386


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