Section 6
Chapter 5,480

Formation of bulges associated with penicillin production in high producing strains of penicillium chrysogenum

Luengo, J.M.; Dominguez, A.; Cantoral, J.M.; Martin, J.F.

Current Microbiology 13(4): 203-208


ISSN/ISBN: 0343-8651
Accession: 005479976

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Bulges were formed in the hyphae of a high penicillin-producing strain of Penicillium chrysogenum AS-P-78 when penicillin was accumulated in the broth. The mycelium of cultures grown in the presence of 50 mM lysine, which specifically inhibits penicillin formation, showed a greatly reduced number of bulges. The size and number of bulges increased during the fermentation in parallel with penicillin accumulation. A smaller number of bulges was formed in the mycelium of the low-producing strain Wis 54-1255 than in the high-producing mutant. Three mutants blocked in penicillin biosynthesis did not form these globose structures. Bulges were not osmotically sensitive, although some of them burst out. They may be formed by weakening of the cell wall of hyphae following accumulation of high concentrations of penicillin.

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