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Growth and development of the bandicoot rat bandicota indica

Growth and development of the bandicoot rat bandicota indica

Acta Zoologica Sinica 26(4): 386-392

The data from 43 litters (236 rats) bred in cages are recorded. Rats were weighed and measured from birth to 300 days of age. The relationship between percentage growth and morphological development was discussed. Differences in ratios were found in seasonal growth changes. Percentage growth and growth rates were calculated according to the method of Brody (1945). Development was divided into 4 stages. Highest percentage growth was at the suckling stage (birth-25 days). Several changes in morphological development were evident. Eyes were completely open; incisors and molars (M1 M2) were erupted. The rats were completely molted in this stages. Suckling rats fed on mothers' milk. At the young stage (from 25-90 days), percentage growth was higher. The molars (M3) were erupted; sex organs began growing; weaning and food searching behavior began. The subadult stage (from 90-170 days) was characterized by slow and gradual growth. The males had sperm in the cauda epididymides. Adult stages (from 170 days) were characterized by fully developed sex organs; percentage growth was of its lowest.

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