+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Growth and energetics of chicks of the sooty tern sterna fuscata and common tern sterna hirundo

Growth and energetics of chicks of the sooty tern sterna fuscata and common tern sterna hirundo

Auk 98(2): 361-378

(S. hirundo) and S. fuscata were studied on Great Gull Island, New York and the Dry Tortugas, Florida [USA], respectively. The respiratory energy requirement was determined by measuring O2 consumption in a closed system. The growth energy requirement from the lipid and protein contents of a series of chicks spanning the range between hatching and fledging. Young common terns grow about twice as rapidly as young sooty terns. Their development follows a similar course, but energy budgets calculated for the 2 spp. differed in several ways. Maintenance metabolism was lower in the sooty tern owing to its warm enviroment. Sooty terns allocated more of their energy intake to lipid accumulation from an earlier age. In the sooty tern, the allocation of energy to growth initially was high, but its absolute amount decreased steadily throughout the growth period. In the common tern, both growth and maintenance energy allocations increased rapidly during the 1st 1/2 of the development period. In sooty tern chicks energy metabolism approached its maximum rate (135 kJ/day) by the end of the 1st 1/3 of the development period, after which it leveled off. In the common tern, energy metabolism increased from about 1/4 of its maximum during the 1st 5 days after hatching to its maximum of 200 kJ/day during the 3rd wk of the postnatal development period. Although these observations support the hypothesis that slow growth in the pelagic seabirds is selected to reduce the energy requirement of the chick, our energy budgets also suggest that a doubling of the growth rate by the sooty tern would increase the maximum energy requirement of the chick by only 20% and the total feeding requirement of the adult by only 5%. The levels of water in muscles suggest that the sooty tern develops mature function earlier than does the common tern, which in itself might be sufficient to account for the slower growth of the 1st species.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 005538000

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Growth and energetics of chicks of the sooty tern (Sterna fuscata) and common tern (S. hirundo). Auk, 982: 361-378, 1981

Influence of growth rate retardation on time budgets and energetics of arctic tern Sterna paradisaea and common tern S. hirundo chicks. Ibis 136(2): 197-204, 1994

Single-breeding versus colonial breeding in the Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia, the common tern Sterna hirundo and the Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea. Ornis Fennica, 574: 141-152, 1980

Single breeding vs. colonial breeding in the caspian tern hydroprogne caspia the common tern sterna hirundo and the arctic tern sterna paradisaea. Ornis Fennica 57(4): 141-152, 1980

Common tern (Sterna hirundo) and little tern (Sterna albifrons) reestablish a breeding colony at the Braakman (Zecuws Vlaanderen).. Veldornitologisch Tijdschrift, 23: 144, 1979

Comparative analysis of prey caught by the common tern Sterna hirundo and the little tern Sterna albifrons on the Po River and Delta. Avocetta, 122: 95-99, 1988

Observations on a probably mixed breeding pair roseate tern sterna dougallii new record x common tern sterna hirundo at knokke. Gerfaut 67(1-2): 75-80, 1977

Observations on a probable mixed breeding pair, roseate tern, Sterna dougallii x common tern, Sterna hirundo at Knokke. Gerfaut, 671-2: 75-80, 1977

Dependence of fledgling success on egg size parental performance and egg composition among common tern and roseate tern sterna hirundo and sterna dougallii. Ibis 120(2): 207-215, 1978

Status of the common tern (Sterna hirundo) in the tropical Pacific, with a note on records of the black-naped tern (Sterna sumatrana) in Hawaii. Elepaio, 4312: 97-100, 1983

Autumn migration of the common tern Sterna hirundo and the sandwich tern Sterna sandvicensis in the Puck Bay. Ring. 1999( ); 212: 41-54, 2000

The recent history of monitoring and management of little tern Sterna albifrons and common tern Sterna hirundo on Chesil Bank, Dorset, 1974-1999. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society2005); 126: 63-84, 2005

Comparative foraging and breeding strategies among three seabirds: the royal tern, Sterna maxima, the common tern, Sterna hirundo, and the black skimmer, Rynchops niger. Dissertation Abstr lnt, 3610: 4893, 1976

On field identification of common tern sterna hirundo and arctic tern sterna paradisaea. Dutch Birding 3(1): 18, 1981

Autum migration of common tern Sterna hirundo and Arctic tern S paradisaea in southern Sweden Hoststracket av fisktarna Sterna hirundo och silvertarna S paradisaea over sodra Sverige. Ornis Svecica, 72: 61-80, 1997