Growth production and reproduction characteristics of the canadian breed of cattle and its 1st cross and backcross with brown swiss 2. production and reproduction

Rony, D.D.; Fahmy, M.H.; Holtmann, W.B.

Canadian Journal of Animal Science 65(1): 11-20


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-3984
Accession: 005542822

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Milk and fat production, number of inseminations/conception, age and weight at calving and kilograms of calf born were studied on 21 Canadian (C); 25, 3/4C 1/4 Brown Swiss (3/4C) and 22, 1/2C 1/2 Brown Swiss (1/2C) cows raised at the Deschambault station and 20 cows each of C and 1/2 C raised at the La Pocatiere Station [Canada]. The cows were born between 1973-1977 and produced from 1975-1981 inclusive. Average 305 day milk production for the 1st 2 lactations was 4746 kg for 1/2C, 18% higher than 3/4C and 29% higher than C cows at Deschambault and 26% higher than C cows at La Pocatiere (P < 0.01). At Deschambault, fat percentage was 4.8% in C cows, 8 and 4% higher (P > 0.05) than in 1/2C and 3/4C cows, respectively. La Pocatiere, fat percentage was similar in the C and 1/2C groups. In the 3/4C and 1/2C crosses at Deschambault, milk production increased 14.5 and 16.4% in 2nd and a further 7.8 andf 12.3% in 3rd lactations. For C cows, the increase was 11.6 and 7.6% at Deschambault and 16.7 and 14.6% at La Pocatiere, respectively. C cows needed 0.l23 and 0.34 less inseminations than 1/2C at Deschambault and La Pocatiere, respectively (P < 0.05). Twinning rate was 2.6, 2.8 and 6.2% for C 3/4C and 1/2C, respectively. The higher twinning rate of 1/2C cows and a 1.6 kg heavier calves they produced resulted in an average of 2.3 kg more calves born than from C cows. The 1/2C cows were 23 and 31 days younger (P > 0.05) and 10 and 12% heavier (P < 0.01) at calving than C cows at Deschambault and La Pocatiere, respectively. The 3/4C cows were intermediate. There were significant differences between Deschambault and La Pocatiere stations, the performance at the former station being better. Lactation number and season of calving had significant effects on milk production.